The Greater Boston region has a population of over four and a half million people, but the city of Boston itself contains less than 590,000 individuals. Since Boston’s founding, the city has been known for its diversity; its convenient costal location attracts a wide variety of visitors and residents. During weekdays and special events, the population of the city of Boston can top two million individuals as visitors pour in from neighboring areas.
According to the 2010 US Census, Boston is 54.5 percent white. Of that population, only 49.9 percent identified as only white; since 14.4 percent of the city’s population identifies as ethnically Hispanic or Latino, some members of this group may be identifying as white or Caucasian on certain parts of the census form. 25.3 percent of the population identifies as black or African-American, while 7.5 percent identify as Asian. American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders together account for only 0.5 percent of Boston’s population. 7.8 percent identify as another race and 4.4 consider themselves to be mixed race.
As of the 2010 census, there were a total of 251,935 housing units in the city of Boston with 12,407 vacancies. Given the number of people in Boston, this means that the average number of people living in each unit exceeded two. Boston is known for its urban density and its high rents; many people in the area will live with roommates or extended family in order to save money and space.
The vast majority of households in Boston do not have children; only 20.7 percent of homes contain children. 50.5 percent of Boston’s residents are single. 36.6 percent are married, 7.1 percent are divorced and 5.7 percent are widowed. Boston is a popular destination for young adults, with 23.5 percent of the population in its twenties and 17.6 percent in its thirties. For contrast, less than 35 percent of the population is in its childhood or teenage years. The median age of Boston’s residents is 34.
The median household income in Boston is $39,629 USD, compared to the national average of $44,512 USD. The balance between single males and single females is almost exactly equal, with a difference of only 0.3 percent between the two gender groups.
Boston’s convenient location and prosperous local economy make it a popular destination for young adults. Its thriving immigrant population continues to attract new residents from across the world. The city itself is a trendy destination for young, childless singles; families and older residents often choose to move into the surrounding suburbs and towns that make up the Greater Boston Area.